In the unfortunate event of a flat car tyre or a blow-out, you need to know how to change a tyre safely without damaging your car. There is no need to panic because changing a car tyre is actually easier than you might think. This article offers advice on how to effectively change your car tyre in minutes without damaging your car in the process.
What safety measures must I consider before changing a car tyre?
Before you change your tyre, you need to think about safety first, here's what you need to do:
- Turn well off the road and make sure you are not obstructing traffic in any way. Make sure that you park your car on a solid, level surface. Avoid parking on loose, uneven ground
- Turn your engine off and switch your hazard lights on
- Engage the handbrake and put your car into first gear or put the car into park (P). If you are changing a rear wheel, leave the handbrake off
- Safely remove all passengers from the car
- Chock (object) the wheel diagonally opposite the wheel to be replaced. This will prevent the car from moving while you change the wheel
- Refer to your owner's handbook to locate the correct jacking points on your car. Only use the specified jacking points to avoid damaging your car
What do I need to change a car tyre?
You will need the following to change your wheel:
- Spare Wheel - You will need an inflated spare wheel to replace the damaged wheel. Note: If you are using a skinny' or biscuit' wheel you can only travel up to 80km/h using this spare wheel
- Wheel Spanner - The wheel spanner is used to loosen and tighten the nuts on the wheel
- Portable Car Jack - The car jack is used to lift the car and lower the car
How do I change a car tyre?
Providing that you have the right tools, changing a wheel is a simple task that can be done quickly with minimal effort. Here's what you need to do to change a car tyre:
- If your car wheel has a hubcap, remove it. Also remove the protective casing around the wheel nuts as well as the nut caps
- Using the wheel spanner, loosen all the wheel nuts by turning the wheel spanner in an anti-clockwise direction. If the wheel nuts have an L' on them you will have to loosen them in a clockwise direction. Note: Only loosen the wheel nuts. Do not loosen the wheel nuts completely
- Place the car jack securely at the specified jacking point nearest to the wheel you are replacing. Ensure that the car jack is securely and firmly placed
- When secure, slowly jack-up the car until the wheel is safely off the ground. Only jack the car up high enough to remove the wheel
- Take the wheel nuts off and remove the wheel
- Place the spare car tyre in position and finger tighten all the wheel nuts. Do not tighten the wheel nuts completely
- Using the car jack, lower the car until the wheel is firmly on the ground
- Using the wheel spanner, tighten the wheel nuts as much as you can. It may help to use your foot on the wheel spanner to tighten the wheel nuts
- Replace the protective casing, wheel caps and hubcap
- Place the damaged car tyre, car jack and wheel spanner neatly in the boot
- Have your damaged car tyre repaired or replaced as soon as you possibly can
*Tip: Never lie under the car while raised with a car jack.
Changing a car tyre or wheel is easy if it's done correctly and providing you have the right tools. Always make sure that you have taken the necessary safety precautions before changing a wheel. Rather call for roadside assistance if you are unable to change a wheel yourself. Click here for Tyre Maintenance Tips.